ISO17025:2017出现的9个概念,特别注意最后两个

时间:2019-09-02     作者:     查看:81次
 

新版ISO17025:2017中的9个概念

1

3.1 impartiality

中允性

presence of objectivity

客观性的存在。

Note 1 to entry: Objectivity means that conflicts of interest do not exist, or are resolved so as not to adversely influence subsequent activities of the laboratory (3.6).

注1:客观性意味着不存在或已解决好处冲突,不会对实验室(3.6)的活动萌生不顺利影响。

Note 2 to entry: Other terms that are useful in conveying the element of impartiality include “independence”, “freedom from conflict of interests”, “freedom from bias”, “lack of prejudice”, “neutrality”, “fairness”, “open-mindedness”, “even-handedness”, “detachment”, “balance”.

注2:其它可用于表达中允性的要素的专门用语有:独立、无好处冲突、没有结果见、没有私见、骑墙、公平、思想开明、不偏不歪、不受别人影响、均衡。

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 170211:2015, 3.2, modified — The words “the certification body” have been replaced by “the laboratory” in Note 1 to entry.]

[源自: ISO/IEC 17021-1:2015, 3.2,改正—在注1中以“实验室”接替“证明机构”]

2

3.2 Complaint

投诉

expression of dissatisfaction by any person or organization to a laboratory (3.6), relating to the activities or results of that laboratory, where a response is expected

不论什么担任职务的人或团体向实验室(3.6)就其活动或最后结果表现不满,并希望获得奉复的行径。

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 17000:2004, 6.5, modified — The words “other than appeal” have been deleted, and the words “a conformity assessment body or accreditation body, relating to the activities of that body” have been replaced by “a laboratory, relating to the activities or results of that laboratory”.]

[源自: ISO 17000:2004, 6.5  改正—删去开“除申诉外”,以“实验室就其活动或最后结果”接替“符合标准核定机构或许可机构就其活动”]

3

3.3 interlaboratory comparison

实验室间比对

organization, performance and evaluation of measurements or tests on the same or similar items by two or more laboratories in accordance with predetermined conditions

依照预定的条件,由两个或多个实验室对相同或大致相似的东西施行勘测或检验测定的团体、实行和名声。

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 17043:2010, 3.4]

[源自: ISO/IEC 17043:2010, 3.4]

4

3.4 intralaboratory comparison

实验室内比对

organization, performance and evaluation of measurements or tests on the same or similar items, within the same laboratory (3.6), in accordance with predetermined conditions

依照预定的条件,在同一实验室(3.6)内里对相同或大致相似的东西施行勘测或检验测定的团体、实行和名声。

5

3.5 proficiency testing

有经验证验

evaluation of participant performance against pre-established criteria by means of interlaboratory comparisons (3.3)

利用实验室间比对,依照预先制定的准则名声加入者的有经验。

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC 17043:2010, 3.7, modified — Notes to entry have been deleted.]

[源自: ISO/IEC 17043:2010, 3.7—改正:删去开注]

6

3.6 Laboratory

实验室

body that performs one or more of the following activities:

— testing

— calibration

— sampling, associated with subsequent testing or calibration

投身下面所开列一个或多个活动的机构

——检验测定

——校准

——与后续检验测定或校准有关的取样

Note 1 to entry: In the context of this document, “laboratory activities” refer to the three above-mentioned activities.

注1:在本标准中,“实验室活动”指上面所说的三种活动。

7

3.7 decision rule

分辨断定规则 

rule that describes how measurement uncertainty is accounted for when stating conformity with a specified requirement

当声明与规定要求的合乎性时,描写怎么样思索问题勘测不确认度的规则。

8

3.8 Verification

证验

provision of objective evidence that a given item fulfils specified requirements

供给客观凭证证实给定项目满意规定要求。

EXAMPLE 1 Confirmation that a given reference material as claimed is homogeneous for the quantity value and measurement procedure concerned, down to a measurement portion having a mass of 10 mg.

例1:证真的勘测抽样量小至10mg时,对于有关量值和勘测手续而言,给定标准事物的平均性与其宣称的完全一样。

EXAMPLE 2 Confirmation that performance properties or legal requirements of a measuring system are achieved.

例2:证明已达到勘测系统的性能或法定要求。

EXAMPLE 3 Confirmation that a target measurement uncertainty can be met.

例3:证明满意目的勘测不确认度。

Note 1 to entry: When applicable, measurement uncertainty should be taken into consideration.

注1:适合使用时,应该思索问题勘测不确认度。

Note 2 to entry: The item may be, for example, a process, measurement procedure, material, compound, or measuring system.

注2:项目可以是,例如一个过程、勘测手续、事物、化合物或勘测系统。

?Note 3 to entry: The specified requirements may be, for example, that a manufacturer’s specifications are met.

注3:规定要求可以是如满意出产商的规定。

Note 4 to entry: Verification in legal metrology, as defined in VIML, and in conformity assessment in general, pertains to the examination and 马克ing and/or issuing of a verification certificate for a measuring system.

注4:法制计量中的证验,如在VIML和一般的符合标准核定中的定义,是指对勘测系统的查缉并加标记和/或出具证验证书。(在我国的法制计量领域,“verification”移译为“检查鉴定”

Note 5 to entry: Verification should not be confused with calibration. Not every verification is avalidation (3.9).

注5:证验不应该与校准淆惑。不是每个证验都是明确承认。

Note 6 to entry: In chemistry, verification of the identity of the entity involved, or of activity, requires a description of the structure or properties of that entity or activity.

注6:在化学中,证验活性或所含实体的特别的性质时,需求描写该实体或活性的结构或特别的性质。

[SOURCE: ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007, 2.44]

[源自: ISO/IEC 指南99:2007,2.44]

9

3.9 Validation

明确承认

verification (3.8), where the specified requirements are adequate for an intended use

对规定要求满意预先期待用场的证验(3.8)。

EXAMPLE A measurement procedure, ordinarily used for the measurement of mass concentration of nitrogen in water, may be validated also for measurement of mass concentration of nitrogen in human serum.

举出例子:一个一般用于勘测水中氮的品质液体浓度的勘测手续,也可被明确承认为可用于勘测人的身体血清中氮的品质液体浓度。

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